Puerto Rico 2020: Enchanting Island of Puerto Rico in the Caribbean
The Island of Enchantment is the perfect nickname for Puerto Rico. Travelers to the island seemingly fall in love with Puerto Rico’s natural scenery and charismatic people. Puerto Rico has picturesque white sand beaches, crystal clear blue waters, vibrant cities, colorful and diverse flora, a tropical rainforest, spectacular mountains, captivating waterfalls, and spellbinding caves. Travelers to Puerto Rico are enchanted by the island’s diverse culture and mesmerizing beauty.
The people of Puerto Rico are joyful, hospitable, easygoing yet passionate about their culture. Remember to pack your dancing shoes as they may invite you to dance merengue or salsa with them. The cultural heritage of the Puerto Rican people is derived from a mix of Taino, Spanish, and African traditions. Be sure to add several music and outdoor dining hot spots to your travel itinerary for the full Puerto Rican island experience.
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Puerto Rico: Territory Information
Puerto Rico is officially known as the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico in English. In Spanish, the official name is written as Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico which can be literally translated as the
Associated Free State of Puerto Rico. The Spanish version of the official name, Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico, is what appears on Puerto Rico’s constitution.
Puerto Rico today is classified as an unincorporated territory of the United States. The Puerto Rican people are both Americans and citizens of the United States. Puerto Ricans can travel freely between the United States mainland and the island.
- Official name: Commonwealth of Puerto Rico
- Nicknames: Boriken, Borinquen, Island of Enchantment, Porto Rico, Rich Port
- Government: Democratic Republic
- Capital: San Juan
- Largest cities: San Juan, Ponce, Mayaguez, Caguas, Bayamon, Guaynabo
- Points of interest: Viejo San Juan, El Yunque Rainforest, Cueva Ventana, Castillo San Felipe del Morro, Isla Verde Beach
- Abbreviation: PR
- Nationality: Puerto Rican
- Population: 3,195,153 (2018)
- Primary ethnicity: Hispanic
- Ethnic groups: White 76%, Black 12%, Other 9%, Mixed 3%
- Official languages: Spanish, English
- National anthem: La Borinquena
- Area: 9,104 km² (3,515 mi²)
- Average temperature: 82 °F (28 °C)
- Climate: tropical rainforest
- Highest elevation: 4,390 ft (1,340 m)
- Location: Caribbean region of North America
- Calling code: +1-787, +1-939
- Coordinates: 18°15’N, 66°30’W
- Currency: United States Dollar (USD) ($)
- Driving side: right
- Time zone: Atlantic Standard Time (AST) (GMT/UTC – 4:00)
Puerto Rico is an archipelago or group of islands which includes the main island and several smaller islands. The main island of Puerto Rico is approximately 100 miles long and 35 miles wide. There are over 143 islands, atolls, cays, and islets. However, only the main island, Vieques, and Culebra are inhabited.
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Do you need a passport to go to Puerto Rico?
Passport and visa requirements are the same as for the mainland of the United States. Citizens of the United States can use their state issued driver’s license to enter and exit the island. Citizens of the European Union must show a passport, however, the visa waiver program applies to most EU countries.
Is Puerto Rico part of United States?
Yes, Puerto Rico is part of the United States. Puerto Rico became a U.S. territory in 1898 following the Spanish–American War. U.S. citizenship was extended to all Puerto Ricans in 1917. Later in 1952, Puerto Ricans adopted a new constitution which established Puerto Rico as a commonwealth.
Do they speak English in Puerto Rico?
Both Spanish and English are official languages in Puerto Rico, however, less than 10% of Puerto Ricans speak English. Spanish is the dominant language of business, education, and daily life on the island. If you are traveling in the capital city of San Juan, you will likely encounter plenty of English speaking help.
What is Puerto Rico known for?
Puerto Rico is known for white sandy beaches, clear blue waters, and lush nature parks. The island has a tropical rain forest feel with the safety and luxury of San Juan always nearby. The world famous Bacardi Rum factory is in San Juan as well.
Is it safe to travel to Puerto Rico?
Puerto Rico is considered to be as safe as other major tourist areas within the United States. Day trips with an experienced guide is highly recommended for those who are not familiar with the island. Once you get a feel for the island, you can then begin to travel more freely on your own.
How much is a dollar worth in Puerto Rico?
Puerto Rico’s monetary unit is the United States Dollar (USD, US$). Puerto Ricans may occasionally refer to the US Dollar as the peso or dolar, however, the currency is the same. If you are visiting the island of Puerto Rico from the European Union, type EUR to USD in your browser for the current exchange rate.
How expensive is Puerto Rico?
A mid-range hotel in San Juan will cost $50 to $150 per night on average. Daily meals and bottled water for those hot days will cost around $30 to $40 per person. Transportation, day tours, and rental car costs will vary based on your travel itinerary.